Author: motherca

What is the Work procedure of surrogacy?

What is the Work procedure of surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a sort of agreement whereby the prospective mother agrees to carry a baby for some other couple. Couples facing infertility issue may take help from a surrogate mother to have children carrying the genes of the intended parents. Through surrogacy, the parents can have their own names on the birth certificate of the child. In the US, the average cost of surrogacy can be $40000 to $60000. The chief aim is to have the child carrying the genetic material of the parents. Before approaching anyone for surrogacy, you must take legal advices. The entire journey of surrogacy is surrounded by complicacies and controversies. To take an informed decision regarding surrogacy, you must understand the work procedure.

Who can consider a surrogate mother?

Surrogacy is the best option for parents who are suffering from fertility issues. The medical condition must be proven prior to signing the contract. If the medical condition is such that it is impossible to conceive a baby or dangerous to bear a baby, you may take help from a substitute mother. Surrogacy becomes a necessity when there is a malformation or complete absence of the uterus or womb. If there are continuous miscarriages or IVF failures, you are eligible to seek help from others.

The exact working of surrogacy

Full surrogacy is also known as gestational surrogacy and it involves an implantation of embryos created by the following:

•    The fusion of sperm and egg of the intended parents
•    An egg donated and fertilized with the sperm of the intended father
•    An embryo formed with the eggs of the donor and the donor’s sperm

If you are going for traditional or partial surrogacy, it will involve an embryo created with surrogate’s egg and intended father’s sperm. Fertilization is done by IUI or intrauterine insemination or through artificial insemination.

Factors determining the chance of having a baby

The success rate of surrogacy is difficult to determine. But there are still some factors that might help in determining the chance of having a baby. A lot depends on the capability of surrogate mother to deliver a baby. Her health condition and mental state must be sound. Secondly, the one who is donating the egg must have appropriate age. Who is carrying out the process of IVF and IUI also determines whether the process will succeed or fail. The gamete quality of the commissioning parents also determines the success of surrogacy.

Risks involved in surrogacy

The kind of surrogacy you are willing to choose determines the risk factors involved. The risks that are associated with full surrogacy are similar to that of IVF. It is important to ensure that the donor is screened. If this is not done, there may be risk of transferring STDs and Hepatitis. IUI is highly recommended for the ones involved in surrogacy.

The intended parents are actually responsible for paying surrogacy charges. However, the medical fees vary from clinic to clinic. If the surrogate delivers twin, extra expenses has to be borne. Get in touch with a fertility specialist to learn if surrogacy arrangement is right for you.

Why it is good to be a surrogate mother?

Why it is good to be a surrogate mother?

A lot of controversy surrounds surrogacy. There are people who think that surrogacy is beneficial while others feel that it is not good. Well, entering surrogacy is totally reliant on the personal style, choice and preference of the mother. If you wish to become a surrogate mother, you need to be aware of the benefits. Surrogacy is a great option for the couples struggling with infertility. Surrogacy is basically of two types, namely, traditional and gestational. In the former, the infant is linked to the mother biologically while in the latter the infant is not related genetically to the mom. It is really good to be a surrogate mom due to a variety of reasons.

Personal satisfaction and happiness

If you are considering surrogacy, then helping others in problem is a real motivator. For many couples, infertility is devastating. To realize the dreams of parenthood, many couples need outside assistance. Indeed, they prefer surrogacy above adoption. When it comes to surrogacy, you have a chance to select the intending parents. So, you may choose parents who share the same kind of outlook that you share. You will get a strong sense of satisfaction when you help other couple. You will feel as if you are making a dramatic impact on the lives of others.

Emotional connection with the intending parents

There is a great sense of respect for surrogate moms in the society. If you plan to help a couple caught in dilemma, you will form an emotional bonding with the intending parents. They will have high regards for you. The relationship you share with the struggling couple will be enduring and strong. It is great to know that some of the couples are so understanding that they allow the surrogate mom to spend time with the infant whenever she feels like. In this way, the mom can forge lifetime relation with the parents and the child. The intending parents will have gratitude for you when you give them their life’s greatest gift.

Comprehensive health care without any expense

The time during pregnancy, before and after pregnancy will offer you a comprehensive healthcare without any need to incur expenses. If in the past you have struggled to offer yourself healthcare, surrogacy is the phase when you will be looked after to the fullest. To verify whether you are fit for surrogacy, you need to undergo several tests. Just before vitro fertilization, one needs to undergo a screening process encompassing blood tests, cervical cultures and hysteroscopy.

The financial support

A surrogate mother is compensated well for carrying the baby for someone else. The mother gets significant financial support and assistance from the agency and the intending parents. The parents pay the surrogate mom for pregnancy and delivery. But, the amount she gets is reliant on the place or state she resides in. If you proceed through an agency, you might get $50000-$60000.

Price is the main benefit of considering surrogacy. If it is a gestational surrogacy, the mother gets compensated for the pains she has to bear. But, the intending parents need to prove their inadequacy at conceiving.

Who can be a surrogate mother?

Who can be a surrogate mother?

A surrogate mother is the one who carries the fetus for some other person dealing with infertility. After the infant is born, the mother hands over the child to the intended parents or the couple who cannot conceive. If you wish to become such mother, you need to know whether you are fit for surrogacy or not. Let us check out the key prerequisites for becoming one.

Criteria for being a surrogate mother

As an applicant for surrogacy, you must fulfill the following conditions:

•    You should have conceived in the past and successfully delivered your own baby

•    You must be in between 21 to 41 years of age

•    Not involved in the government aided programs such as welfare, cash assistance, public housing, etc. The various forms of assistance have to be covered or dealt with case-by-case.

•    Having the body mass index not exceeding 33. But, in some cases, the BMI of 34-35 is also accepted.

•    If you are considering surrogacy in the USA, you must reside in a surrogacy friendly state

•    The mother must have support from friends and family

•    You must not be addicted to alcohol, cigarette, drugs.

•    Even the woman with contraceptive implants, IUDs or those who have Depo Provera shot may become substitute mother. But, the IUD must be removed prior to the transfer.

Surrogate motherhood and sexually transmitted diseases

There are some STDs that will disqualify you when it comes to surrogacy. If you have Hepatitis or HIV, you are disqualified. But, if you have genital herpes or genital warts, you qualify for surrogacy. On the other hand, if you are already carrying a baby and wish to become a surrogate mother of the baby, you still do not qualify. This is so because the intended parents contribute their genetic material and only then the child is conceived.

Qualities required for being a surrogate

Surrogacy is a huge responsibility and when you agree to become such a mother, you are willing to give your energy, effort, time and body. Your very decision to help an unfortunate couple must be attested to your own sense of dignity, compassion, generosity and deep level of understanding. The entire journey of surrogacy might seem difficult but the end result is extremely rewarding. The chief qualities one must have are commitment and compassion. Apart from this, the health condition, both physical and mental state of the mother and the infant, is of prime concern. Different clinics set different criteria for substitute mothers. But the basics remain the same like the age, the BMI, the health condition and the general habitat. You must be a non-smoker residing in the non-smoking home. Stress and other complications must be kept at the bay. One needs to be financially sound as that can be the leading cause of stress.

As a substitute mother, you need to have a past experience of bearing children. The one who showed upstanding and highly responsible behavior in the past while raising children is eligible for being a substitute mother. If you are ready to enter surrogacy, choose an agency to start your journey.

When should you opt for surrogacy?

When should you opt for surrogacy?

Surrogate motherhood is also called substitute mother and can be categorized as gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy. Due to an increase in the infertility rate and the soaring population of gay, lesbians, transgender and bisexual, more and more individuals are looking forward to surrogacy. Surrogacy is the best option for the couples who cannot conceive. There can be ovulation disorder and infertility and so couples need to look for a substitute mom to bear the offspring. There are various conditions when a couple can choose a surrogate mother to bear the child.

Infertility is the greatest reason

Do you wish to fulfill your dream of parenthood? Infertility may be stopping you from accomplishing your dreams. Women suffering from infertility cannot conceive. This infertility may be the result of any medical condition to make conceiving risky. Certain medical conditions can lead to high blood pressure, liver infirmities and disease in the child’s heart. Surrogacy is the only way to experience the bliss of parenthood.

Surrogacy for single parent

If you are a single parent looking to fulfill your dream of parenthood, surrogacy is for you. You will have your own biological child to live for.

Other factors when surrogacy is suitable

There may be several other factors when surrogacy is just right for you. It may happen that the female is too busy in building her own career and cannot manage time for conception. The nine months of pregnancy can risk the job and so women do consider surrogacy in the current times. Apart from this, there can be other factors like pelvic disorder, repeated miscarriages, impaired uterus and hysterectomy, which may make it impossible to deliver successfully. A complete absence of the uterus is also a reason to consider surrogacy.

When to choose surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a renowned infertility treatment which allows an infertile couple to have one’s own kids. Some women who fail to conceive look for a surrogate mother. Following are the reasons:

•    If there has been instances of failed IVF treatments
•    Recurring miscarriages
•    A complete absence or the malformation of uterus
•    Failure of embryo implantation treatment
•    Any dangerous heart ailment, high blood pressure, liver disease or uncontrollable diabetes that can risk the health of the baby
•    Pelvic disorder or hysterectomy
•    Impaired womb

The above conditions are such that it is not possible for the woman to conceive. But, still, you may have your own biological child through surrogacy.

The lower cost of traditional surrogacy

As already stated, there are two kinds of surrogacy. It is always better to choose gestational surrogacy as the mother will not have much bonding with the child. But, gestational surrogacy is expensive and so couples choose traditional surrogacy. In the traditional surrogacy, no donation fee is involved. In case, the insemination does not work, it might be tried out within the duration of a few weeks.

There are women who can produce healthy eggs but cannot deliver due to a variety of reasons. They can choose gestational surrogacy. Although from a financial standpoint the traditional surrogacy makes sense, still you should opt for gestational surrogacy.

What you need to know about artificial wombs?

What you need to know about artificial wombs?

An artificial womb or artificial uterus is the kind of theoretical device which allows extracorporeal pregnancy or EUFI (extrauterine fetal incubation) by growing fetus or embryo outside the body of the female that usually carries fetus or embryo. Being the replacement organ, it has several applications. It helps male and female couples to have a fetus or develop a fetus. It can carry the fetus for pregnancy. The technology of ectogenesis has been developing since the year 2001. This technology can reduce the chance of stillbirth and allows a close monitoring of the babies. According to other critics, artificial wombs can remove the bonding between the mother and the child.

Artificial wombs are artificial uterus

An artificial womb is the artificial uterus supplying oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. In an artificial womb, there is also the need for customized amniotic fluid sacs in order to eliminate the waste. These amniotic fluid sacs are generally attached to the placenta machine where cables tend to monitor everything right from the weight of the baby to the heart rate. If the uterus of the woman is damaged, she can use an artificial womb. This technological advancement may help you to avoid surrogacy and the complicacies attached to it. Both gay and straight couples may use artificial wombs. On the other hand, such wombs can reduce the number of birth-related-deaths of mothers. This can also increase the duration of fertile years for a woman and indeed drugs may be more easily administered when the fetus is ill.

The origin of ectogenesis

Ectogenesis is the term which is coined in the year 1924 by J.B.S Haldane. People started thinking about the impact of science on our culture and civilization. Ectogenesis is the pregnancy occurring in an artificial environment. The very development of ectogenesis and artificial uteri raises legal considerations and bioethical considerations. It has implication for the abortion debate and reproductive rights. The artificial uteri can expand the very range of the fetal viability and this further raises questions about the role that the fetal viability plays in the realm of abortion law.

Artificial wombs and ectogenesis played crucial role in fictions

Artificial womb has played an important role in science fiction as well. Indeed, ‘Daedalus; Science and the Future’ proposed the idea of ectogenesis for the very first time. Then, Aldous Huxley in ‘Brave New World’, talks about ectogenesis. In the famous novel, ‘Brave New World, Huxley talks about children being grown inside the artificial uterus. Apart from this, in ‘Star Wars’ also we have the discussions about artificial uterus.

Artificial wombs to avoid surrogates

Artificial uterus has great implications for the women who are heterosexuals. There are many who wish to forego pregnancy and do not wish to use their own uterus. Instead of surrogacy, they can opt for artificial womb.

There are many other things to be known about artificial uterus. However, there is a theoretical concern that the kids raised from artificial uterus may lack the bonding they should share with moms.

What is the success rate of surrogacy?

What is the success rate of surrogacy?

The success rate of surrogacy is higher since a surrogate mother having optimum health is normally chosen for surrogacy. But still, the surrogacy regulation is inconsistent worldwide and clinics may post any figure or their own success rate. Clinics are more vocal about their successes in the past and stay quiet or silent on the less dramatic successes. Apart from this, there are a wide variety of surrogacy procedures and IVFs and indeed all procedures have different success rates. Well, if we compare all the procedures, then it is IVF which offers the maximum success. The sperm donor needs to undergo a lot many medical examinations and indeed he is young, free of medical conditions. The one with a positive fertility history is chosen to donate the sperm. Even the surrogate mom is very young who had to meet rigorous fertility criteria. The success rate is between 60-65% when there is a fresh embryo transfer.

What is the success rate of fresh embryo transfer?

Overall the success rate for fresh embryo transfer is 65% and with that of a frozen embryo, it is 45%. Indeed the rate of successful birth is 90-95%. The clinics only report the surrogacy statistics for those cases in which the embryo undergone PGD analysis. However, the success rate might rise to 80%. It is unfortunate to learn that clinics do not tend to reveal that their successes need further verification. There may be additional costs and medical procedures required in the process.

The success rate of IVFs

IVFs have more success rate than other procedures of surrogacy. Some of the clinics guarantee the success of IVFs including the subsequent embryo transfers. Cases where there are repeated failures after continuous embryo transfers, they tend to reveal that the father had damaged sperm. There is every reason to believe that the result would not be successful in the IVF where the sperm donor had been healthy and the egg donor made successful donations, resulting to pregnancies. The surrogacy procedure would be successful if the donor had made successful donations in the past, leading to pregnancies.

The success rate of self-donation

This is a very high risk situation where the success rate is just 15-16%. Self-donation is the case of surrogacy where the mother herself donates her egg. It is the high risk situation as the couple already had a series of miscarriages or failed pregnancies. On the other hand, the egg donor is usually older than what actually is recommended. Thus, the success rate for self-donation is just 15-16%.

Know the success rate of IVFs and surrogacy

If you want to know the success rate in true sense, you should ask for the details of the case from the clinic. Clinics that report the success of any case, should give evidences to prove how far the stated words are true. You may even enquire about the total number of embryo transfers done in the past. So, you will get a more useful kind of comparison.

For IVFs, the success rate is higher. A lot depends on the surrogate mother and the donor. Stress must be kept at bay and the intended parents must try their best to look after the mother.

What can an artificial womb do?

What can an artificial womb do?

In the year 1924, J.B.S Haldane first coined the word ‘ectogenesis’ in order to describe how pregnancy will once pave the way for artificial wombs. In the year 1951, Dupont and Schwarz came up with the first child produced through this technique. Now this technique is fully grown where we may take an ovary and let it grow in the suitable fluid for around 20 years to produce fresh ovum every month. The embryo can then grow successfully for 9 months and then it may be brought out. As per Haldane, by the time we reach 2070s, ectogenesis will become a popular technique of growing embryos. Less than 30% children would be born of women and 70% from ectogenesis. This technology mimics or copies the reproductive power of the nature which is sure to provide medical benefits to a woman.

How can artificial wombs benefit women?

There are potential medical benefits of artificial wombs. They are going to help out those women who have suffered multiple miscarriages. Miscarriages do take place as a result of embryo implantation or the women who suffered hysterectomies owing to uterine cancer. Women facing multiple pregnancies can get some relief from artificial uterus. They offer a kind of temporary quarters for 2-3 fetuses and thus women can avoid complications resulting from a crowded womb. Then, there are those women who cannot carry their own kids. They can now have their own babies with the artificial womb. It is an alternative to surrogacy which may be utilized. Surrogacy is the kind of arrangement that takes a lot of economic and psychology advantage of the ones who are considering it. In fact, the entire range of concern will be gone with the artificial womb. Well, turning procreation into a manufacturing process, which an artificial uterus does, will not be bothered that much. Indeed, here the baby is created as the baby is wanted. The lack of connection between the baby and the mother will not be taken so seriously.

Important facts on artificial wombs

In the early 1960s, experiments commenced on incubators that started functioning as smartly as the natural womb. All the major experiments and researches were focused on creating artificial placenta which is complex and a specialized organ to offer support to the fetus till it starts to perform functions on its own. An artificial womb in true sense will replicate the placenta functions and not simply the fluids of the womb, the bacteria and other elements required for the growth and development of the fetus. In the 1960s, several experiments were conducted on animals like goat, rabbit and lamb fetuses. Currently, the incubators used may seem sleek and highly efficient but the basic functioning remains the same as it was decades back. The incubators can offer the needed warmth and humidity but still cannot supply the nutrients needed.

A few people with tons of money will be able to use an artificial womb. Although the way of reproduction changes, the way we see a woman can never change. Artificial reproductive techniques can threaten the status of the women as per the feminists.

Top centers for surrogacy in USA

Top centers for surrogacy in USA

Surrogacy is a fabulous option for families looking to build families and have their own biological children if there is any reproductive problem. When we compare the success rate of surrogacy in various countries, then the USA has the maximum success rate. Childless couples, gays, lesbians must find the best center for surrogacy in the USA and then move forward. Let us check out the top centers for surrogacy that have maximum ratings and positive reviews. If you are in search for a surrogate mother, get to know about the best agencies.

Golden Surrogacy: the top surrogacy agency in the USA

Golden Surrogacy is one of the best surrogacy centers that is owned and operated by Adam and Frank Golden, the same-sex couple. As they have seen success in their own journey of surrogacy, they formed Golden Surrogacy agency which has the team of egg donors, experienced surrogates, psychologists and attorneys. The team of professionals is committed to offering trustworthy and authentic services while helping to maintain meaningful relationships. It is also accredited by Better Business Bureau and the proud member of Resolve. It has the score of 9.9 and the average surrogacy journey can cost $125,000.

Creative Family Connections

Creative Family Connections LLC is the boutique law firm situated in Washington DC and focusing on Reproduction Law. Prospective parents who are looking to build a family may get great help from the agency. Collaborative reproduction is assisted by embryo donation, gamete and gestational surrogacy. The agency will perform all the legal tasks and even match the parents with the surrogate mom. Its satisfaction score is 9.6 and the overall cost of the journey may be $134,000.

All Families Surrogacy: the leading gestational surrogacy

This is the leading gestational surrogacy agency which was founded by a gestational surrogate who was a lesbian and under the counseling of the gay surrogacy lawyer. The chief passion of the agency is to help LGBT community and assist in building families. The score is 9.5 and the cost of the surrogate journey can be $137000.

North West Surrogacy: the leading agency of the West Coast

Northwest Surrogacy Center, LLC is another leading surrogate agency of the USA, founded by an attorney some 20 years back. The wait time for matching intending couples and surrogate mothers is pretty shorter here. It has the team of highly experienced and qualified medical professionals and so it is a successful clinic. It is known for helping diverse families looking to have their own children. Overall the score is 9.3 and the average cost of the journey may be $117,000.

IARC offering full service support

IARC is another top center for surrogacy in the USA which has great experience and knowledge in surrogacy. It has the track record of 1000 ovum donor births and is known for offering full service support whether it is emotional, financial, legal or medical. You may count on its transparency, education and personalized attention it allots. Well, the satisfactory score of IARC is 9.1 and the average cost of the journey is $109,000.

You may choose any of the top centers to locate a surrogate mother. It is important to choose an agency which has more than 10 reviews or so.

Tips to become a surrogate mother

Tips to become a surrogate mother

Did you hear a heartrending story of infertility and want to help your friend? Well, each woman who wishes to become a surrogate mother has her own unique story and reason that compels her to become one. You need a generous heart to become a substitute mother. There are emotional, physical and legal issues involved in surrogacy. It is important to look for a good attorney as the law of surrogacy differs. Let us check out the tips to becoming a substitute mother.

Find out your suitability

To be able to become a mother, you need to find your suitability first. Are you physically and mentally fit to become a mother? Women between 21 and 45 are good candidates for surrogacy. If you had a previous pregnancy without any complication, then you are fit.

Preconception check up

Visit your doctor to make sure that you are fit. He will carry out physical examinations to find if you have any medical condition. If you take birth control pills, get to know from the doctor for how long you need to stop it prior to getting pregnant. Get yourself vaccinated for certain diseases. Get yourself tested for HIV.

Psychological screening is important

If you are approaching a surrogacy agency, you need to undergo psychological screening. Through this process, it will be clear if you really want to conceive or not.

The need for prenatal vitamin supplement

To provide health benefits to the unborn infant, it is crucial to intake prenatal vitamins. Before trying to conceive, you must intake folic acid supplements. It is important for the development of the fetus.

Surrogacy agreement

There are various kinds of surrogacy and thus you need to know them. Get to know the details about traditional surrogacy, gestational surrogacy and gestational surrogate prior to proceeding.

Understand the surrogacy law of your state

Laws relating to surrogacy differ from state to state. It is more complicated in the UK and the US. If there is no federal law regarding surrogacy, you may even get jailed for entering into a surrogacy agreement. Some states will allow gestational surrogacy, but not the traditional surrogacy. Some of the state laws also require the new parents to undergo a legal adoption proceeding once the child is born. Knowing the law of your state is important.

Should you go for an agency or not?

If you select a surrogacy agency, it will choose the couple who want a child. But, if you want to help your friend or any family member, you need not approach an agency.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle

If you are into any bad habits like smoking, drinking, drugs, do give up. Those who approach a surrogacy clinic, they are examined thoroughly to ensure that the mother is mentally and physically fit. You are allowed to become a surrogate mother only if you live a healthy lifestyle. Your body weight must also be ideal.

The ones who feel that being a substitute mother is rather difficult, they can discuss out the feelings with the clinic. You have to deal with extremely complex emotions during the pregnancy phase. By being careful about the above stated tips, you may fulfill the dream of becoming a substitute mother.

Surrogate motherhood – which type is most appropriate for you?

Surrogate motherhood – which type is most appropriate for you?

Surrogacy is the process which involves using the uterus of some other woman, to implant and to carry the embryo, to deliver an infant for some other couple. The woman who carries the baby for the infertile couple is known as the surrogate mother. The entire process makes use of in vitro fertilization to place the egg inside the mother’s uterus. When we talk about the types, there are two kinds of surrogacy. Choices can be made between traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. Indeed, each type works in its own fashion. Gestational surrogacy is also termed as full surrogacy, while the traditional surrogacy is also known as partial surrogacy.

Important facts on gestational surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy is the kind of arrangement where the surrogate mom and the intended parents agree to any one of the following:

•    The egg and the sperm, both belong to the intended parents

•    IVF or in vitro fertilization where the egg will be donated and fertilized with the sperm of the intended father.

•    An embryo created with the donor sperm and the donor egg chosen by the intended parents.

In this form of gestational surrogacy, the mother is not related to the child biologically.

Facts about traditional surrogacy

In the traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is the egg donor and she is only the carrier of the baby. She donates her egg, which gets fertilized or inseminated by the sperm of the donor or the intended father. Here the mother conceives through intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination. Indeed, she is very much linked to the child.

Which is better?

Both gestational and traditional surrogacy has a high success rate, but it is better to choose the former. For a surrogate mother, it is easier to part with the child in that case. But, if you cannot afford the charges of gestational surrogacy, which is very high, you can prefer traditional surrogacy. Straight surrogacy or the traditional surrogacy is the least expensive form of surrogacy, which is also called artificial insemination. The mother can use the insemination kit and the semen of the intended father. Thus, the baby is conceived with the egg of the surrogate mom only.

Gestational surrogacy or the host surrogacy is the process of conceiving where the IVF is used. It is considerably expensive and more complicated than the straight surrogacy. It mostly takes place in the fertility clinic. In host surrogacy, there are usually three stages, namely, egg donation, fertilization and transfer.

How to know which kind of surrogacy is better?

If you wish to become a surrogate mom, you need to choose between traditional surrogacy and the gestational surrogacy. The ones who wish to avoid the medical intervention needed for IVFs, they may choose straight surrogacy. If you think you cannot part with the child, you must go for gestational surrogacy. To grow your own family, both options are healthy for you.

To adopt a more natural kind of surrogacy, one can go for traditional surrogacy. Take help from an agency to learn more about the type of surrogacy you should choose.