What can an artificial womb do?

What can an artificial womb do?

In the year 1924, J.B.S Haldane first coined the word ‘ectogenesis’ in order to describe how pregnancy will once pave the way for artificial wombs. In the year 1951, Dupont and Schwarz came up with the first child produced through this technique. Now this technique is fully grown where we may take an ovary and let it grow in the suitable fluid for around 20 years to produce fresh ovum every month. The embryo can then grow successfully for 9 months and then it may be brought out. As per Haldane, by the time we reach 2070s, ectogenesis will become a popular technique of growing embryos. Less than 30% children would be born of women and 70% from ectogenesis. This technology mimics or copies the reproductive power of the nature which is sure to provide medical benefits to a woman.

How can artificial wombs benefit women?

There are potential medical benefits of artificial wombs. They are going to help out those women who have suffered multiple miscarriages. Miscarriages do take place as a result of embryo implantation or the women who suffered hysterectomies owing to uterine cancer. Women facing multiple pregnancies can get some relief from artificial uterus. They offer a kind of temporary quarters for 2-3 fetuses and thus women can avoid complications resulting from a crowded womb. Then, there are those women who cannot carry their own kids. They can now have their own babies with the artificial womb. It is an alternative to surrogacy which may be utilized. Surrogacy is the kind of arrangement that takes a lot of economic and psychology advantage of the ones who are considering it. In fact, the entire range of concern will be gone with the artificial womb. Well, turning procreation into a manufacturing process, which an artificial uterus does, will not be bothered that much. Indeed, here the baby is created as the baby is wanted. The lack of connection between the baby and the mother will not be taken so seriously.

Important facts on artificial wombs

In the early 1960s, experiments commenced on incubators that started functioning as smartly as the natural womb. All the major experiments and researches were focused on creating artificial placenta which is complex and a specialized organ to offer support to the fetus till it starts to perform functions on its own. An artificial womb in true sense will replicate the placenta functions and not simply the fluids of the womb, the bacteria and other elements required for the growth and development of the fetus. In the 1960s, several experiments were conducted on animals like goat, rabbit and lamb fetuses. Currently, the incubators used may seem sleek and highly efficient but the basic functioning remains the same as it was decades back. The incubators can offer the needed warmth and humidity but still cannot supply the nutrients needed.

A few people with tons of money will be able to use an artificial womb. Although the way of reproduction changes, the way we see a woman can never change. Artificial reproductive techniques can threaten the status of the women as per the feminists.

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